- 【标题】Vision-based seismic damage detection and residual capacity assessment for an RC shaking table test structure
- 【摘要】In this paper, the existing postearthquake performance assessment framework for reinforced concrete (RC) building structures is improved by adding a new feature of the computer vision-based damage detection.
In this framework, visible seismic damage is classified and quantified from photographs of damaged RC components using the developed deep convolutional network (CNN) Damage-Net of semantic segmentation, and then the mechanical
property degradation factors of components determined from the detected damage states are used to update the numerical model. Pushover analysis of the updated model assesses the residual capacity of the damaged structure.
Large-scale shaking table tests of a three-story RC building structure, which was heavily instrumented with sensors and recorded with a large volume of photographs, were used as a case study to demonstrate the improved postearthquake
performance assessment framework. The vision-based approach accurately detected multicategory seismic damage of the test structure and effectively estimated the residual crack widths and angles under various lighting, image acquisition,
and surface conditions. The updated model, which incorporated the mechanical property degradation of the damaged components, provided accurate estimate on the fundamental vibrational frequencies of the damaged structure after various
levels of seismic motion shaking, which matched well with the system identification results. Using the mechanical property reduction factor values recommended by FEMA 306 and Chiu et al., pushover analysis of the updated models provided
residual capacity curves that reasonably captured the measured hysteretic responses of the structure. In addition, the damage states of components as estimated by the vision-based methods were also compared with the measured plastic hinge rotation data.
The successful implementation of the vision-based assessment in this test case indicates its potential for application in the postearthquake evaluation of buildings.
- 【关键词】damage detection, computer vision, residual capacity, postearthquake performance assessment, shaking table test