- 【标题】Coupled axial tension-shear behavior of reinforced concrete walls
- 【摘要】Reinforced concrete (RC) shear walls in high-rise buildings may experience coupled axial tension-shear
loading when subjected to strong ground motions. To understand how the tensile force influences shear strength
and stiffness of RC walls, a series of quasi-static tests are conducted on six wall specimens with low aspect
ratios. The failure modes of the specimens vary with different degrees of axial tension forces, which include
diagonal tension failure (without tensile force), shear-sliding failure (under low to moderate tensile force)
and sliding failure (under high tensile force). Increase of axial tensile force leads to linear decrease of the
shear strength capacity of RC walls, with a factor of approximately 0.35. Sliding shear strength of specimens
subjected to high axial tension is only 24%–33% of the shear strength capacity of the specimen not subjected
to axial tension. High axial tensile force also results in a significant decrease in lateral stiffness of the
walls. In addition, the axial tensile behavior of RC wall specimens is also presented to validate various
tension-stiffening models of cracked concrete. Finally, design formulae of shear stiffness and strength of
RC walls under axial tension are estimated, using the data from this experimental program and past tests.
The strut-and-tie model provides a reasonable estimate of effective lateral stiffness of low-aspect-ratio
RC walls under low to moderate tensile forces. The design formulae specified in ACI 318–14 (U.S.) code provide
a conservative estimate of the shear strength capacity of the RC walls subjected to tensile forces. The average
experimental-to-calculated ratio is 1.68. However, the JGJ 3–2010 formulae (China) tend to overestimate the shear
strength capacity of RC walls under moderate axial tensile forces, with an average experimental-to-calculated ratio of 0.93.
- 【关键词】Reinforced concrete shear walls; Coupled axial tension-shear behavior; Low aspect ratio; Design formulae; Strength; Stiffness
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